Middle Class Collapse and Emerging Urban Poor (Case study: Tehran)

Middle Class Collapse and Emerging Urban Poor (Case study: Tehran)

Hide

Recent statistics indicate that the inflation rate in Iran has increased significantly since 2017, which has resulted in several negative consequences for the Iranian population. A combination of changes in lifestyles, consumption patterns, and economic and cultural capital has resulted in an increase in financial vulnerability among the urban middle class. As a consequence, the middle class may collapse and a new urban poor may emerge. For the purpose of exploring this idea and analyzing the changes in the lifestyles of urban middle-class families, Pierre Bourdieu’s class analysis has been chosen to establish a link between lifestyle and class. Through qualitative research and grounded theory, the factors contributing to the collapse of the urban middle class and the emergence of the new urban poor have been identified. The collapse of the middle class has been attributed to a combination of unemployment, changes in employment conditions (part-time jobs, salary cuts, precarious employment, etc.), and the loss of economic and cultural capital. In the absence of effective legal protection and reduced government support, employers are able to alter working conditions and increase unemployment rates. A lack of financial resources in times of crisis (such as the cost of medical treatment, the purchase of essentials, rising rents, etc.) erodes people’s social and cultural capital, resulting in their loss of status. Because of economic sanctions, Iranian economies are experiencing structural crises and investment risks, which both contribute to unemployment and a decline in economic and cultural capital. The final focus of this paper is to discuss and analyze the consequences of the decline of the urban middle class. These include changes in lifestyle, poor housing, migration to the suburbs, expropriation of the masses, and marginalization of the workforce. Nonetheless, we acknowledge that, given the qualitative nature of this study, the limited number of interviewees, and the narrow scope of the study (e.g. Tehran city), more thorough and comprehensive research is required to generalize the findings.

This speech is part of the following panel:

Speech of Mahboobeh Shafaei Sarmowr

ICCI2022، Iran and the Turn of the Century
سخنرانان
no photo available

Profiles

Hadi Miri Ashtiani
Researcher

Our Suggestion

Speech of Somayeh Abbasi
Persian Day
Representation of Gender in the Political Prisoners Women’ s Memoirs in Iran
Speech of Fatma Bulaz
ٍEnglish Day
Memorializing The 1988 Massacre
Hall 2- Persian
Hall 2
Subaltern Studies Panel
Speech of Nader Nasiri
ٍEnglish Day
Heroic and everyday life in Savooshoon
Speech of Kaveh Ghoreishi
Persian Day
Experience with Education in Kurdistan

Do Not Miss

News

Course Designer and Instructor: Leila Asadi
AcademiX Courses
Displacement and Forced migration: My Rights or the State's Sovereignty
Secretariat
ICCI News
Municipality of The Hague

Events

26 June
26 August
Hall 1- English
00
:
00
:
00
:
00
This Event Has Ended
The Social Movements Panel
1 August
31 October
Secretariat
00
:
00
:
00
:
00
This Event Has Ended
Apply for Social Studies Program