Representation of Gender in the Political Prisoners Women’ s Memoirs in Iran

Representation of Gender in the Political Prisoners Women’ s Memoirs in Iran

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In light of the constitutional revolution and the reforms of the Pahlavi era, the presence of women in the social arena caused a group of them to play a key role in the fights leading up to the 1979 revolution and the political-combat events a decade later. This has placed them in a privileged position. Undoubtedly, being conscious of this prominent position has motivated some of them to write autobiographies of their life experiences. This research aims to use an interpretive-hermeneutic approach within the conceptual framework of “Paul Ricoeur’s Narrative Identity” to examine how identity is reflected in autobiographies based on the premise that autobiography is a venue for representing one’s own identity and narrative – which is gender-based. Using the memoirs of women political prisoners during the Pahlavi era and the first decade of the Islamic Republic, the aforementioned theory reinterprets narrative genres for women. The presence of the majority of them in the discourse of left struggles and the placement of a few of them in the discourse of ideological Islam, as well as the reflection of identity and gender concerns in the organizational identity subcategory, demonstrates that the discourse of struggles and organizational ideology, regarding the female gender identity of these memoirists, has predominated in the macro dimension. Left-wing fighters declare their gender identification more openly than Muslim fighters in this way. Other effects that should be addressed are narrative coherence, the non-monotone nature of the narrative, the formation of “simultaneity” and “in-time” relationships between the lived time and the narration time, and the direct relationship between the narration time and the narrator’s language. Continuity of chained narration and description Accurate details, such as the circumstances surrounding the characters engaged in the construction of the narrator’s identity, are among the aspects of these works’ analyses. Keywords: gender, memoir, women, women political prisoners.

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Speech of Somayeh Abbasi

ICCI2022، Iran and the Turn of the Century
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