Human Rights; Beyond the Headlines

Human Rights; Beyond the Headlines

Understanding human rights demands through the lens of international documents and mechanisms

About the course:

Every day in the news, we hear about crimes against humanity, the killing of civilians, violating the rights of immigrants, asylum seekers and refugees, suppressing labor protests, arresting and harassing human rights defenders, executions, air pollution, and similar issues. Pervasive violations of human rights surround our world to such an extent that we may think that human rights are ideal and unattainable. There is a deep gap between recognized human rights in international laws and standards, and the bitter reality that governments have set for us. However, the fact that today a set of rights for all human beings are defined in international documents and conventions, and governments are asked to comply with them is the result of the efforts of thousands of people after the human disasters of the first half of the 20th century. How can we continue to strive for a better and more humane life after recognizing this human achievement? What are the international mechanisms for realizing human rights and holding those who violate them responsible?

Level: Basic

Language: Persian

Institute: Iran Academia

Reading: 3 h/w

Self Paced


Length: 8 weeks

Certificate of Participation

AcademiX is Iran Academia's Massive Open Online Persian Courses platform
Counted: 9
AcademiX Courses
Massive Open Online Courses
Counted: 14
AcademiX Courses in the field of Rights
Counted: 5


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Course Schedule

Week One: Introduction and fundamental topics

  • What is the meaning of human rights?
  • Philosophical foundations of human rights
  • Human rights and cultural relativism
  • The emergence of modern human rights
  • International human rights sources
  • Types of human rights obligations of governments

Week Two: The right to life

  • Classification of rights
  • The right to life in international human rights
  • The death penalty
  • Is the death penalty itself torture?
  • Knowing the dimensions of the death penalty

Week Three: Prohibition of torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading behaviors and punishments

  • a. What is torture? (History and definition)
  • b. The difference between torture and other abuses
  • Interview with Dr. Yuval Ginbar
  • Conducting torture-related investigations
  • Do Iran’s laws comply with international obligations regarding the protection of people from torture?
  • Preventing torture

Week Four: The right to a fair trial

  • Pre-trial rights – the right to liberty and the prohibition of arbitrary detention
  • Rights during detention – Part I
  • Rights during detention – Part II
  • Rights during the trial – Part I
  • Rights during the proceedings – Part II
  • Children and the judicial system
  • Are Iran’s laws compatible with the country’s international obligations regarding the right to a fair trial?

  • What does the right to freedom of opinion and expression cover?
  • Can the right to freedom of expression be legitimately limited?
  • Are the laws of the Islamic Republic compatible with the international human rights obligations of this country regarding freedom of opinion and expression?

Week Six: Banning discrimination

  • The concept of equality and non-discrimination
  • a. Discrimination based on gender, sexual identity, and sexual orientation
  • b. The right to gender equality for women
  • Prohibition of discrimination based on religious beliefs
  • Discrimination on the basis of race
  • Discrimination and minority rights (ethnic and linguistic minorities)

Week Seven: Economic, social, and cultural rights

  • What are the economic, social and cultural rights and are these rights inherently different from civil and political rights?
  • What are the governments’ obligations regarding economic, social and cultural rights and what does the “gradual realization” of these rights mean?
  • Interview with Meghna Abraham about economic, social, and cultural rights
  • Resource allocation and budget analysis
  • Are violations of economic, social, and cultural rights legal?
  • The right to education and training
  • The right to work
  • The right to health
  • The right to water
  • What is the United Nations Sustainable Development Program and what is its relationship with economic, social, and cultural rights?
  • Following natural disasters, what are the short-term and long-term obligations of governments in relation to guaranteeing economic, social, and cultural rights?
  • What does international human rights say about economic sanctions that affect people’s enjoyment of their economic, social, and cultural rights?

Week Eight: Human rights protection mechanisms and procedures

  • The right to benefit from compensatory measures
  • UN supervisory bodies: Charter-based bodies
  • United Nations supervisory bodies: bodies based on treaties and the mechanisms of these bodies
  • Interview with Anna-Karin Holmlund, UN human rights expert
  • International Criminal Law: international courts and the principle of universal jurisdiction

Course Completion Certificate

Certi Ec02Fe4967 17 June 2024
دریافت گواهی رسمی پایان دوره با امضای مدرس دوره، دسترسی به گواهی پایان دوره با لینک دائم و یکتا قابل اشتراک گذاری در قسمت گواهینامه‌های لینکداین، امکان افزودن نسخه چاپی گواهی پایان دوره به رزومه

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