Dissensions and basic questions in the human rights debate: What is correct? What is the source of this message? What is the definition of a human being?
Although human rights have become the dominating discourse in domestic and international issues today, to the point that it can be regarded a ritual with its own set of beliefs and precepts for modern human existence, it cannot be disputed that this discourse is layered with itself. It contains profound sentiments of misinterpretation of human rights teachings, indoctrination in order to control it, power-seeking, luxury, and a desire to dominate others. As a result, it is impossible to discuss human rights without considering their philosophical, political, social, economic, cultural, and legal dimensions. Alternatively, they may have overlooked the human rights discourse’s use as a weapon for both humanitarian and repressive reasons.
Graduate students will have a unique chance to learn about the underlying ideas, the issues at stake, and the different advances and generations that make up this debate in this transdisciplinary seminar. As a result, the subjects discussed in this seminar are scientifically classified as part of a new branch of knowledge known as international political theory. This subject, which is less than thirty years old, examines human rights via a blend of philosophical, historical, international relations ideas, and international law. Although this seminar opens with an examination of the universal messages of the mainstream human rights discourse, which has been engrained in global society since 1961, its origins may be traced all the way back to the dawn of the modern era. This perspective on human rights allows us to objectively examine the legal, institutional, and political dimensions that the West has imposed on the discourse and concepts of human rights and concepts since their inception, as well as the various stages of development and development of this discourse. Discourse rights can also be separated from their value as a tool to serve the politics of power by examining their theoretical, moral, epistemological, ontological, or political dimensions, as well as their legitimacy not as the dominant discourse in the world today but as a liberating discourse for Explain the deprived, oppressed, and oppressed.