The Establishment project in Modern Thought: rethinking the reception of Descartes’s Discours de la Méthode in contemporary intellectuals in Iran (De Gobineau, Afzal-ul-Mulk Kermani, and Mohammad Ali Foroughi)

The Establishment project in Modern Thought: rethinking the reception of Descartes’s Discours de la Méthode in contemporary intellectuals in Iran (De Gobineau, Afzal-ul-Mulk Kermani, and Mohammad Ali Foroughi)

Hide
Play Video

Descartes’s Discours de la Méthode has been translated into Persian three times in three separate historical periods, each with a unique incentive, from 1241 (1863) to 1310 (1932). Today, this text is one of the topics of interest in the intellectual movements of Iran as a pre-history of the emergence of Modern European philosophy in the Persian language. The book “Seyri Hikmat Dar Urūpā” [The Course of Philosophy in Europe], which was and still is one of the most significant sources for acquainting Persian speakers with European philosophy in the 14th century, is the result of the last translation of Descartes’ book. It has played a crucial role in creating the translation policy, choosing equivalences, and influencing how Western ideas were introduced in Iran. Regarding Descartes and the “establishment” project, it can be seen that Mohammad Ali Foroughi’s thoughts on Descartes gradually changed in the succeeding volumes of the book. As a result, we may outline a pathway regarding the development of contemporary intellectual consciousness in Iran by following the viewpoint that emerged in Descartes’ thought, particularly in Discours de la Méthode

The critical rethinking of this consciousness by focussing on the so-called “establishment of science” or “promoting the basis of wisdom” among Iranian intellectuals can reveal aspects of this imaginary vision which still relevant today in many conservative or reactionary blocs concerning the “establishment of civilization” or “science production.” Taking the above-mentioned into account, we can better explain these tendencies and their ideological patterns. The task of critical thinking in such a situation is to provide critical arguments against all these ideological forms of the “establishment” and to remove the intellectual obstacles to empower civil society through developing historical knowledge regarding the objective and subjective origins of those ideologies. The most exemplary illustration of this project in the early Iranian intellectuals can be observed in Mohammad Ali Foroughi and his book Seyri Hikmat Dar Urūpā, in which the author’s views progress as the book goes forward. After the Second World War and the erosion of the image of progressive Europe, the establishment project adopted a different approach. It redirected its focus from modern Western ideas to indigenous and Eastern ideas.

Keywords: reception of Descartes, Iranian intellectuals, the project of establishment, Afzal-ul-Mulk Kermani, Mohammad Ali Foroughi

This speech is part of the following panel:

Speech of Yashar Taj Mohammadi

ICCI2022، Iran and the Turn of the Century
سخنرانان
no photo available

Linked to this content

Conference Paper - Navid Gorgin
IAJ Issue No.9
The Establishment Project In Modern Thought: Rethinking The Reception Of Descartes’s Discours De La Méthode In Contemporary Intellectuals In Iran (De Gobineau, Afzal-Ul-Malik Kermani, And Mohammad Ali Foroughi) [Conf. Paper]

Profiles

Navid Gorgin
Ph.D. in new and contemporary philosophy. Postdoctoral researcher at Beheshti University

Our Suggestion

Esfaindyar Daneshvar
ICCI 2019
Literature in Exile: The Impact of the Iranian Revolution on Contemporary French-Persian Literature
Speech of Roja Fazaeli
ICCI 2022
Preaching Hate: An analysis of gendered hate speech in Jomeh sermons in Iran
Farhad Khosrokhavar
ICCI 2019
The typology of activists and social movements
Speech of Ammar Maleki
ICCI 2022
Understanding Developments in Iran based on Iranians' Attitudes

Do Not Miss

News

From The Freedom of Thought Association
News
Call for Papers - "Woman, Life, Freedom" - FTJ - Issue No.13
Spring 2022
Freedom of Thought Journal
Freedom of Thought Journal 12

Events